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FULL SPECTRUM TARGETING (FST)

Solicitation Number: BAA-RIK-14-01
Agency: Department of the Air Force
Office: Air Force Materiel Command
Location: AFRL/RIK - Rome
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BAA-RIK-14-01
:
Presolicitation
:
Added: Dec 03, 2013 1:16 pm
NAICS CODE: 541712

FEDERAL AGENCY NAME: Department of the Air Force, Air Force Materiel Command, AFRL - Rome Research Site, AFRL/Information Directorate, 26 Electronic Parkway, Rome, NY, 13441-4514


TITLE: Full Spectrum Targeting (FST)


ANNOUNCEMENT TYPE: Initial announcement


FUNDING OPPORTUNITY NUMBER: BAA-RIK-14-01


CFDA Number: 12.800


I. FUNDING OPPORTUNITY DESCRIPTION:

Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (AFRL/RI) is soliciting white papers pertaining to the research, development, prototyping, integration, test and demonstration of innovative technologies, tools and practices to advance the future of the Air Force's targeting capabilities. The synergetic integration of kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across a distributed targeting enterprise will support a unified and continuous approach to analyzing a full spectrum of targets and spheres of influence (Air, Space Cyber and Social-Economic).


Target Development, Analysis, and Assessment is the primary focus area for this BAA


The Joint Targeting Cycle is the process that is used consistently across organizations that perform targeting-related tasks. This process consists of six phases: (1) End State/Commander's Objectives; (2) Target Development & Prioritization; (3) Capabilities Analysis; (4) Commander's Decision and Force Assignment; (5) Mission Planning & Force Execution; and (6) Assessment. The targeting enterprise lacks efficient workflow and data hand-offs, causing lost time, redundancy of effort, and lesser quality products and effects across air, space, & cyberspace. The major processes and products relevant to target intelligence production include: Target Systems Analysis (TSA),
Intermediate/Advanced Target Development (I/ATD) (Encompassing imagery preparation, target description and significance, Precise Point Mensuration (PPM), and weaponeering), Collateral Damage Estimation (CDE), Electronic Target Folder (ETF), Target Lists (TL) and Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). Development of portions or all of these intelligence products, specifically TSA, I/ATD, CDE, and BDA, are not automated and required considerable resources (time and labor) to produce. Due to the lengthy, disjointed workflow, lack of an automated production process, and limited analytical tools, these processes and accompanying products are also pre-disposed to high error rates and low production capacity. Additionally, a significant deficiency in the current Joint Targeting Cycle is the absence of non-kinetic data in the targeting products throughout. In order to synergize planning and effects across a multi-domain environment, it's essential for FST to include the full range of Cyber, Space, Directed Energy, Electronic Warfare (EW), and influence operations (e.g. Psychological Operation (PSYOPS)/ Military Information Support Operations (MISO)) data into a universal targeting workflow.


We seek new technologies and tools that automate and track the targeting process and workflows, improve the targeting workflow timeline, increase production capacity, enhance product quality, and incorporate Non-Kinetic data into the workflow and products.


Continuous Targeting Processes: The objective in this area is to research and develop technologies that will automate the targeting workflow processing order to reduce the time and levels of effort required by targeteers to produce targeting products, increase quality and support the globally distributed production of targeting products. Challenges include but not limited to:

• Manage targeting resources (people, data, networks, applications, tasking) across the global targeting enterprise

• Monitor global workflow status scalable from macro steps/phases of the workflow down to individual tasks and to include metrics data to support continuous process improvement

• Allow for high priority tasks to supersede lesser tasks in workflow


Target Data Management: The objective of this topic is to explore, identify, and prototype innovative technologies allowing for improved data (to include Kinetic and Non-Kinetic) collection, availability, access, distribution, and quality. The goal is to help targeteers gather, assimilate, and vet relevant targeting information required to build and disseminate targeting products. Challenges include but not limited to:

• Global access and distribution of all requisite targeting data/products in formats that are both human and machine readable
o Store all relevant targeting data, finished products and raw data and make data available to other users in the workflow process as soon as possible/available

• Visualize and produce targeting products amenable for integration into documents or briefings (MS Office, Adobe, etc.)

• Automatically search, retrieve, and populate data entry fields in specific targeting products as soon as possible/available

• Automatically request and collect pre and post-mission Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) sensor data (Kinetic and Non-Kinetic) relating to specific targeting products as soon as possible/available

• Improved linking of the overall campaign strategy to individual targeting tasks


Intelligence Assessment (IA): The objective in this area is to develop new technologies and prototypes that identify, combine, formulate and communicate target-related feedback and intelligence information enabling targeteers, planners and commanders a view of the success of ongoing operations from the tactical to the operational and strategic levels. Challenges include but not limited to:

• Cohesive assessments and decision support to measure success or failure to achieve the desired effect against individual targets and to facilitate comprehension of the total damage to entire target sets and systems

• Timely determination of the campaign plan success (planned objectives versus actual results) achieved by the overall operation as measured over all friendly action against the adversary

• The application of Kinetic and Non-Kinetic weaponeering solutions will require the development of innovative Multi-INT information fusion algorithms to support BDA

• Investigate and recommend a Cognitive Workflow Process for the production of BDA products

• Automated restrike recommendations based on unsuccessful targeting effects


Additional technical information is available and may be obtained by contacting the technical point of contact listed in Section VII. The data contained within the read library is subject to export control restrictions. Prior to mailing read library documentation, respondents must submit a copy of an approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, which may be obtained at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/default.asp, along with a letter from the Data Custodian designated on that form authorizing access to whomever will be reviewing the documentation. This information must be provided to technical point of contact listed in Section VII at the following address: Air Force Research Laboratory/RIEBB, 525 Brooks Road, Rome, New York 13441-4505 or via fax to his attention at (315) 330-3913.


II. AWARD INFORMATION:


Total funding for this BAA is approximately $9.9M. The anticipated funding to be obligated under this BAA is broken out by fiscal year as follows: FY 14 - $2.12M; FY 15 - $2.89M; FY 16 - $2.73M; and FY17 - $2.16M. Individual awards will not normally exceed 24 months with dollar amounts normally ranging between $100K to $500K per year. There is also the potential to make awards up to any dollar value. Awards of efforts as a result of this announcement will be in the form of contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements depending upon the nature of the work proposed. The Government reserves the right to select all, part, or none of the proposals received, subject to the availability of funds. All potential Offerors should be aware that due to unanticipated budget fluctuations, funding in any or all areas may change with little or no notice.



III. ELIGIBILITY INFORMATION:


1. ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS: All qualified offerors who meet the requirements of this BAA may apply. Foreign or foreign-owned offerors are advised that their participation is subject to foreign disclosure review procedures. Foreign or foreign-owned offerors should immediately contact the contracting office focal point, Gail E. Marsh, Contracting Officer, telephone (315) 330-7518 or e-mail gail.marsh@us.af.mil for information if they contemplate responding. The e-mail must reference the title and BAA-RIK-14-01.


2. COST SHARING OR MATCHING: Cost sharing is not a requirement.


3. SYSTEM FOR AWARD MANAGEMENT (SAM). Offerors must be registered in the SAM database to receive a contract award, and remain registered during performance and through final payment of any contract or agreement. Processing time for registration in SAM, which normally takes forty-eight hours, should be taken into consideration when registering. Offerors who are not already registered should consider applying for registration before submitting a proposal.


4. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION AND FIRST-TIER SUBCONTRACTOR/SUB-RECIPIENT: Any contract award resulting from this announcement may contain the clause at FAR 52.204-10 - Reporting Executive Compensation and First-Tier Subcontract Awards. Any grant or agreement award resulting from this announcement may contain the award term set forth in 2 CFR, Appendix A to Part 25 http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?
c=ecfr&sid=c55a4687d6faa13b137a26d0eb436edb&rgn=div5&view=
text&node=2:1.1.1.41&idno=2#2:1.1.1.4.1.2.1.1


IV. APPLICATION AND SUBMISSION INFORMATION:


1. APPLICATION PACKAGE: THIS ANNOUNCEMENT CONSTITUTES THE ONLY SOLICITATION. WE ARE SOLICITING WHITE PAPERS ONLY. DO NOT SUBMIT A FORMAL PROPOSAL AT THIS TIME. Those white papers found to be consistent with the intent of this BAA may be invited to submit a technical and cost proposal, see Section VI of this announcement for further details.


For additional information, a copy of the AFRL "Broad Agency Announcement (BAA): Guide for Industry," May 2012, may be accessed at: https://www.fbo.gov/index?
s=opportunity&mode=form&id=e68f832abb3a7341bb7328547c0e19c0&tab
=core&_cview=0


2. CONTENT AND FORM OF SUBMISSION: Offerors are required to submit a 3 to 5 page white paper summarizing their proposed approach/solution. The purpose of the white paper is to preclude unwarranted effort on the part of an offeror whose proposed work is not of interest to the Government. The white paper will be formatted as follows: Section A: Title, Period of Performance, Estimated Cost, Name/Address of Company, Technical and Contracting Points of Contact (phone, fax and email)(this section is NOT included in the page count); Section B: Task Objective; and Section C: Technical Summary and Proposed Deliverables. Multiple white papers within the purview of this announcement may be submitted by each offeror. If the offeror wishes to restrict its white papers/proposals, they must be marked with the restrictive language stated in FAR 15.609(a) and (b). All white papers/proposals shall be double spaced with a font no smaller than 12 pitch. In addition, respondents are requested to provide their Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) number, their Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, a fax number, an e-mail address, and reference BAA RIK-14-01 with their submission. All responses to this announcement must be addressed to the technical POC, as discussed in Section VII of this section.


3. SUBMISSION DATES AND TIMES: It is recommended that white papers be received by the following dates to maximize the possibility of award: FY 14 should be submitted by 15 Jan 2014; FY 15 by 1 May 2014; FY 16 by 1 May 2015; and FY 17 by 1 May 2016. White papers will be accepted until the BAA closing date at 2 pm Eastern time on 29 Sept 2017, but it is less likely that funding will be available in each respective fiscal year after the dates cited. FORMAL PROPOSALS ARE NOT BEING REQUESTED AT THIS TIME.


4. FUNDING RESTRICTIONS: The cost of preparing white papers/proposals in response to this announcement is not considered an allowable direct charge to any resulting contract or any other contract, but may be an allowable expense to the normal bid and proposal indirect cost specified in FAR 31.205-18. Incurring pre-award costs for ASSISTANCE INSTRUMENTS ONLY are regulated by the DoD Grant and Agreements Regulations (DODGARS).


5. CLASSIFICATION GUIDANCE FOR WHITE PAPER SUBMISSIONS: AFRL/RIEBB will accept classified responses to this BAA when the classification is mandated by classification guidance provided by an Original Classification Authority of the U.S. Government, or when the offeror believes the work, if successful, would merit classification. Security classification guidance in the form of a DD Form 254 (DoD Contract Security Classification Specification) will not be provided at this time since AFRL is soliciting ideas only. After reviewing incoming proposals, if a determination is made that contract award may result in access to classified information, a DD Form 254 will be issued upon contract award. Offerors who intend to include classified information or data in their white paper submission or who are unsure about the appropriate classification of their white papers should contact the technical point of contact listed in Section VII for guidance and direction in advance of preparation.

6. All offerors should review the NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL SECURITY PROGRAM OPERATING MANUAL, (NISPOM), dated February 28, 2006 as it provides baseline standards for the protection of classified information and prescribes the requirements concerning Contractor Developed Information under paragraph 4-105. Defense Security Service (DSS) Site for the NISPOM is: http://www.dss.mil.

7. OTHER SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: DO NOT send white papers to the Contracting Officer.


All unclassified responses to this announcement will be sent via U.S. Postal Service registered mail and addressed to AFRL/RIEBB 525 Brooks Road, Rome NY 13441-4505, and reference BAA-RIK #14-01. Electronic submission is NOT authorized unless expressly permitted by the technical POC listed in Section VII. Questions can be directed to the technical POC listed in Section VII.

CLASSIFIED SUBMISSIONS MUST BE SENT TO AFRL/RIEBB SEPARATELY FROM UNCLASSIFIED PAPERS AS PER THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW.

Use classification and marking guidance provided by previously issued security classification guides, the Information Security Regulation (DoD 5200.1-R), and the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (DoD 5220.22-M) when marking and transmitting information previously classified by another original classification authority. Classified information at the Confidential and Secret level may be mailed via U.S. Postal Service (USPS) Registered Mail. For proposals of higher classification levels or for alternate submission mechanisms please contact the technical POC listed in Section VII. When mailing, ensure the response is appropriately marked, sealed, and mailed in accordance with the classified material handling procedures. The classified mailing address is:

Ref: BAA-RIK-14-01
AFRL/RIED
525 Brooks Road
Rome NY 13441-4505

In the event of a possible or actual compromise of classified information in the submission of your white paper or proposal, immediately but no later than 24 hours, bring this to the attention of your cognizant security authority and AFRL Rome Research Site Information Protection Office (IPO):

Bob Kane
315-330-2324 0730-1630 Monday-Friday
315-330-2961 Evenings and Weekends
Email: Robert.Kane.7@us.af.mil


V. APPLICATION REVIEW INFORMATION:


1. CRITERIA: The following criteria, which are listed in descending order of importance, will be used to determine whether white papers and proposals submitted are consistent with the intent of this BAA and of interest to the Government: (1) Overall Scientific and Technical Merit - The extent to which the offeror's approach demonstrates overall scientific and technical merit for the development and/or enhancement of the technology; (2) Related Experience - The extent to which the offeror demonstrates relevant technology and domain knowledge; (3) Openness/Maturity of Solution - The extent to which existing capabilities and standards are leveraged and the relative maturity of the proposed technology in terms of reliability and robustness; and (4) Reasonableness and realism of proposed costs and fees (if any). No further evaluation criteria will be used in selecting white papers/proposals. Individual white paper/proposal evaluations will be evaluated against the evaluation criteria without regard to other white papers and proposals submitted under this BAA. White papers and proposals submitted will be evaluated as they are received.


2. REVIEW AND SELECTION PROCESS: Only Government employees will evaluate the white papers/proposals for selection. The Air Force Research Laboratory's Information Directorate has contracted for various business and staff support services, some of which require contractors to obtain administrative access to proprietary information submitted by other contractors. Administrative access is defined as "handling or having physical control over information for the sole purpose of accomplishing the administrative functions specified in the administrative support contract, which do not require the review, reading, and comprehension of the content of the information on the part of non-technical professionals assigned to accomplish the specified administrative tasks." These contractors have signed general non-disclosure agreements and organizational conflict of interest statements. The required administrative access will be granted to non-technical professionals. Examples of the administrative tasks performed include: a. Assembling and organizing information for R&D case files; b. Accessing library files for use by government personnel; and c. Handling and administration of proposals, contracts, contract funding and queries. Any objection to administrative access must be in writing to the Contracting Officer and shall include a detailed statement of the basis for the objection.


3. The Government may simultaneously evaluate proposals received under this BAA from multiple offerors. In this case, the Government may make award based on adequate price competition, and offerors must be aware that there is a possibility of non-selection due to a proposal of similar but higher-priced technical approach as compared to another offeror.



VI. AWARD ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION:


1. AWARD NOTICES: Those white papers found to be consistent with the intent of this BAA may be invited to submit a technical and cost proposal. Notification by email or letter will be sent by the technical POC. Such invitation does not assure that the submitting organization will be awarded a contract. Those white papers not selected to submit a proposal will be notified in the same manner. Prospective offerors are advised that only Contracting Officers are legally authorized to commit the Government.


All offerors submitting white papers will be contacted by the technical POC, referenced in Section VII of this announcement. Offerors can email the technical POC for status of their white paper/proposal no earlier than 45 days after submission.


2. ADMINISTRATIVE AND NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS:


CLASSIFIED SUBMISSIONS: AFRL/RIEBB will accept classified responses to this BAA when the classification is mandated by classification guidance provided by an Original Classification Authority of the U.S. Government, or when the offeror believes the work, if successful, would merit classification. Security classification guidance in the form of a DD Form 254 (DoD Contract Security Classification Specification) will not be provided at this time since AFRL is soliciting ideas only. After reviewing incoming proposals, if a determination is made that contract award may result in access to classified information; a DD Form 254 will be issued upon contract award. Offerors that intend to include classified information or data in their submission or who are unsure about the appropriate classification of their white papers should contact the technical point of contact listed in Section VII for guidance and direction in advance of preparation.


Depending on the work to be performed, the offeror may require a SECRET facility clearance and safeguarding capability; therefore, personnel identified for assignment to a classified effort must be cleared for access to SECRET information at the time of award. In addition, the offeror may be required to have, or have access to, a certified and Government-approved facility to support work under this BAA. This acquisition may involve data that is subject to export control laws and regulations. Only contractors who are registered and certified with the Defense Logistics Information Service (DLIS) at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/jcp/ and have a legitimate business purpose may participate in this solicitation. For questions, contact DLIS on-line at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/jcp or at the DLA Logistics Information Service, 74 Washington Avenue North, Battle Creek, Michigan 49037-3084, telephone number 1-800-352-3572. You must submit a copy of your approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, with your proposal.


3. Data Rights: The potential for inclusion of Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or data rights other than unlimited on awards is recognized. In accordance with (IAW) the Small Business Administration (SBA) SBIR Policy Directive, Section 8(b), SBIR data rights clauses are non-negotiable and must not be the subject of negotiations pertaining to an award, or diminished or removed during award administration. Issuance of an award will not be made conditional based on forfeit of data rights. If the SBIR awardee wishes to transfer its SBIR data rights to the Air Force or to a third party, it must do so in writing under a separate agreement. A decision by the awardee to relinquish, transfer, or modify in any way its SBIR data rights must be made without pressure or coercion by the agency or any other party. Non-SBIR data rights less than unlimited will be evaluated and negotiated on a case-by-case basis. Government Purpose Rights are anticipated for data developed with DoD-reimbursed Independent Research and Development (IR&D) funding.


4. REPORTING: Once a proposal has been selected for award, offerors will be given complete instructions on the submission process for the reports.


VII. AGENCY CONTACTS:

Questions of a technical nature shall be directed to the cognizant technical point of contact, as specified below:

Capt. Michael Heiner
Telephone: (315) 330-2520
Email: michael.heiner.1@us.af.mil


Questions of a contractual/business nature shall be directed to the cognizant contracting officer, as specified below:

Gail E. Marsh
Telephone (315) 330-7518
Email: gail.marsh@us.af.mil


The email must reference the solicitation (BAA) number and title of the acquisition.


In accordance with AFFARS 5301.91, an Ombudsman has been appointed to hear and facilitate the resolution of concerns from offerors, potential offerors, and others for this acquisition announcement. Before consulting with an ombudsman, interested parties must first address their concerns, issues, disagreements, and/or recommendations to the contracting officer for resolution. AFFARS Clause 5352.201-9101 Ombudsman (Apr 2010) will be incorporated into all contracts awarded under this BAA. The AFRL Ombudsman is as follows:


Ms. Barbara Gehrs
AFRL/PK
1864 4th Street
Building 15, Room 225
Wright-Patterson AFB OH 45433-7130
FAX: (937) 904-7024; Comm: (937) 904-4407
Email: barbara.gehrs@us.af.mil


All responsible organizations may submit a white paper which shall be considered.

Added: Dec 16, 2013 12:02 pm



The purpose of this modification is to change the technical point of contact and his office symbol.

References to RIEBB are to be deleted and replaced by RIED. These references occur in the last paragraph of Section I; Section IV, Paragraph 5 and Paragraph 7; and Section VI, Paragraph 2.

Paragraph VII is changed as follows:

VII. AGENCY CONTACTS:

Questions of a technical nature shall be directed to the cognizant technical point of contact, as specified below:

Patrick K. McCabe
Telephone: (315) 330-3197
Email: patrick.mccabe.4@us.af.mil

No other changes have been made.


 


 

Added: Dec 19, 2013 10:14 am

The purpose of this modification is to: Change the FY14 recommended date for white papers found in Section IV.3 from 15 Jan 2014 to 31 Jan 14. No other changes have been made.


 

Added: Dec 20, 2013 1:28 pm



The purpose of this modification is to notify respondents that all foreign allied participation is excluded at the prime contractor level. All other information remains the same.


 

Added: Jan 09, 2014 2:12 pm
The purpose of this modification is to revise: 1) SECTION I: A formal Question and Answer session is established for each submission period; 2) SECTION IV, Paragraph 3-SUBMISSION DATES AND TIMES: This change will align the submission dates to a business day and eliminate weekend due dates; 2) SECTION IV, Paragraph 7-OTHER SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: Electronic submission will now be accepted. All other information remains the same.
 

SECTION I: Due to the interest in this BAA Announcement, a Question and Answer segment is being established to provide interested parties with uniform technical information. Questions concerning this announcement should be emailed to the Technical Point of Contract with a copy to the Contracting Officer. NO questions will be answered telephonically.

For White Papers Due 31 Jan 2014: Submit your questions no later than 17 Jan 2014 and the corresponding answers will be posted by 22 Jan 2014.

For the remaining Due Dates: Questions should be submitted no later than 15 March. The answers will be posted by 1 April.
 
This is for technical questions only. Contractual questions regarding this BAA announcement can be submitted at any time to the attention of the Contracting Officer. Email is preferred.


SECTION IV, Paragraph 3 deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

3. SUBMISSION DATES AND TIMES: It is recommended that white papers be received by the following dates to maximize the possibility of award: FY 14 should be submitted by 31 Jan 2014; FY 15 by 2 May 2014; FY 16 by 1 May 2015; and FY 17 by 29 Apr 2016. White papers will be accepted until the BAA closing date at 2 pm Eastern time on 29 Sept 2017, but it is less likely that funding will be available in each respective fiscal year after the dates cited. FORMAL PROPOSALS ARE NOT BEING REQUESTED AT THIS TIME.


SECTION IV, Paragraph 7 is revised as follows:

DELETE: Electronic submission is NOT authorized unless expressly permitted by the technical POC listed in Section VII.
 
ADD: Electronic submission is authorized provided the submission can be password protected or encrypted to the technical POC listed in Section VII. A confirmation of receipt will be provided when and if successfully delivered.

Added: Jan 22, 2015 3:07 pm
The purpose of this modification is to republish the original announcement, incorporating all previous modifications, pursuant to FAR 35.016(c). This republishing also includes the following changes: (a) Section III.5: Add Paragraph 5 with information on the Government approved accounting system requirement; (b) Section IV.1: Added new URL for BAA Guide to Industry and the Proposal Preparation Instructions; (c) Section IV.2: Removed two reference to proposals. Directions are now specific to white papers (see Proposal Preparation Instructions for proposal guidance.); (d) Section IV.7: Updated the AFRL Rome Research Site Information Protection Officer's name and phone number; (e) Section V, 1 & 3: Removed the second to the last sentence in Sub-Section 1 and reworded the first sentence in Sub-Section 3 to clarify the use of adequate price competition; and f) Section VII: Updated the AFFARS Clause 5352.201-9101 version.


No other changes have been made.



NAICS CODE: 541712


FEDERAL AGENCY NAME: Department of the Air Force, Air Force Materiel Command, AFRL - Rome Research Site, AFRL/Information Directorate, 26 Electronic Parkway, Rome, NY, 13441-4514


TITLE: Full Spectrum Targeting (FST)


ANNOUNCEMENT TYPE: Initial announcement


FUNDING OPPORTUNITY NUMBER: BAA-RIK-14-01


CFDA Number: 12.800


I. FUNDING OPPORTUNITY DESCRIPTION:


Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (AFRL/RI) is soliciting white papers pertaining to the research, development, prototyping, integration, test and demonstration of innovative technologies, tools and practices to advance the future of the Air Force's targeting capabilities. The synergetic integration of kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across a distributed targeting enterprise will support a unified and continuous approach to analyzing a full spectrum of targets and spheres of influence (Air, Space Cyber and Social-Economic).


Target Development, Analysis, and Assessment is the primary focus area for this BAA


The Joint Targeting Cycle is the process that is used consistently across organizations that perform targeting-related tasks. This process consists of six phases: (1) End State/Commander's Objectives; (2) Target Development & Prioritization; (3) Capabilities Analysis; (4) Commander's Decision and Force Assignment; (5) Mission Planning & Force Execution; and (6) Assessment. The targeting enterprise lacks efficient workflow and data hand-offs, causing lost time, redundancy of effort, and lesser quality products and effects across air, space, & cyberspace. The major processes and products relevant to target intelligence production include: Target Systems Analysis (TSA), Intermediate/Advanced Target Development (I/ATD) (Encompassing imagery preparation, target description and significance, Precise Point Mensuration (PPM), and weaponeering), Collateral Damage Estimation (CDE), Electronic Target Folder (ETF), Target Lists (TL) and Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). Development of portions or all of these intelligence products, specifically TSA, I/ATD, CDE, and BDA, are not automated and required considerable resources (time and labor) to produce. Due to the lengthy, disjointed workflow, lack of an automated production process, and limited analytical tools, these processes and accompanying products are also pre-disposed to high error rates and low production capacity. Additionally, a significant deficiency in the current Joint Targeting Cycle is the absence of non-kinetic data in the targeting products throughout. In order to synergize planning and effects across a multi-domain environment, it's essential for FST to include the full range of Cyber, Space, Directed Energy, Electronic Warfare (EW), and influence operations (e.g. Psychological Operation (PSYOPS)/ Military Information Support Operations (MISO)) data into a universal targeting workflow.


We seek new technologies and tools that automate and track the targeting process and workflows, improve the targeting workflow timeline, increase production capacity, enhance product quality, and incorporate Non-Kinetic data into the workflow and products.


Continuous Targeting Processes: The objective in this area is to research and develop technologies that will automate the targeting workflow processing order to reduce the time and levels of effort required by targeteers to produce targeting products, increase quality and support the globally distributed production of targeting products. Challenges include but not limited to:


     1) Manage targeting resources (people, data, networks, applications, tasking) across the global targeting enterprise
     2) Monitor global workflow status scalable from macro steps/phases of the workflow down to individual tasks and to include metrics data to support continuous process improvement
     3) Allow for high priority tasks to supersede lesser tasks in workflow


Target Data Management: The objective of this topic is to explore, identify, and prototype innovative technologies allowing for improved data (to include Kinetic and Non-Kinetic) collection, availability, access, distribution, and quality. The goal is to help targeteers gather, assimilate, and vet relevant targeting information required to build and disseminate targeting products. Challenges include but not limited to:


     1) Global access and distribution of all requisite targeting data/products in formats that are both human and machine readable
     2) Store all relevant targeting data, finished products and raw data and make data available to other users in the workflow process as soon as possible/available
     3) Visualize and produce targeting products amenable for integration into documents or briefings (MS Office, Adobe, etc.)
     4) Automatically search, retrieve, and populate data entry fields in specific targeting products as soon as possible/available
     5) Automatically request and collect pre and post-mission Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) sensor data (Kinetic and Non-Kinetic) relating to specific targeting products as soon as possible/available
     6) Improved linking of the overall campaign strategy to individual targeting tasks


Intelligence Assessment (IA): The objective in this area is to develop new technologies and prototypes that identify, combine, formulate and communicate target-related feedback and intelligence information enabling targeteers, planners and commanders a view of the success of ongoing operations from the tactical to the operational and strategic levels. Challenges include but not limited to:


     1) Cohesive assessments and decision support to measure success or failure to achieve the desired effect against individual targets and to facilitate comprehension of the total damage to entire target sets and systems
     2) Timely determination of the campaign plan success (planned objectives versus actual results) achieved by the overall operation as measured over all friendly action against the adversary
     3) The application of Kinetic and Non-Kinetic weaponeering solutions will require the development of innovative Multi-INT information fusion algorithms to support BDA
     4) Investigate and recommend a Cognitive Workflow Process for the production of BDA products
     5) Automated restrike recommendations based on unsuccessful targeting effects


Additional technical information is available and may be obtained by contacting the technical point of contact listed in Section VII. The data contained within the read library is subject to export control restrictions. Prior to mailing read library documentation, respondents must submit a copy of an approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, which may be obtained at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/default.asp, along with a letter from the Data Custodian designated on that form authorizing access to whomever will be reviewing the documentation. This information must be provided to technical point of contact listed in Section VII at the following address: Air Force Research Laboratory/RIED, 525 Brooks Road, Rome, New York 13441-4505.


Due to the interest in this BAA Announcement, a Question and Answer segment is being established to provide interested parties with uniform technical information. Questions concerning this announcement should be emailed to the Technical Point of Contract with a copy to the Contracting Officer. NO questions will be answered telephonically.


For White Papers Due 31 Jan 2014: Submit your questions no later than 17 Jan 2014 and the corresponding answers will be posted by 22 Jan 2014.


For the remaining Due Dates: Questions should be submitted no later than 15 March. The answers will be posted by 1 April.


This is for technical questions only. Contractual questions regarding this BAA announcement can be submitted at any time to the attention of the Contracting Officer. Email is preferred.



II. AWARD INFORMATION:


Total funding for this BAA is approximately $9.9M. The anticipated funding to be obligated under this BAA is broken out by fiscal year as follows: FY 14 - $2.12M; FY 15 - $2.89M; FY 16 - $2.73M; and FY17 - $2.16M. Individual awards will not normally exceed 24 months with dollar amounts normally ranging between $100K to $500K per year. There is also the potential to make awards up to any dollar value. Awards of efforts as a result of this announcement will be in the form of contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements depending upon the nature of the work proposed. The Government reserves the right to select all, part, or none of the proposals received, subject to the availability of funds. All potential Offerors should be aware that due to unanticipated budget fluctuations, funding in any or all areas may change with little or no notice.



III. ELIGIBILITY INFORMATION:


1. ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS:


All qualified offerors who meet the requirements of this BAA may apply.


This BAA is closed to foreign participation at the Prime Contractor level.


Foreign Ownership, Control or Influence (FOCI) companies who have mitigated FOCI may inquire as to eligibility by contacting the contracting office focal point, Gail E. Marsh, Contracting Officer, telephone (315) 330-7518 or e-mail Gail.Marsh@us.af.mil for verification prior to submitting a white paper. Please reference BAA-RIK-14-01.


2. COST SHARING OR MATCHING: Cost sharing is not a requirement.


3. SYSTEM FOR AWARD MANAGEMENT (SAM). Offerors must be registered in the SAM database to receive a contract award, and remain registered during performance and through final payment of any contract or agreement. Processing time for registration in SAM, which normally takes forty-eight hours, should be taken into consideration when registering. Offerors who are not already registered should consider applying for registration before submitting a proposal.


4. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION AND FIRST-TIER SUBCONTRACTOR/SUB-RECIPIENT: Any contract award resulting from this announcement may contain the clause at FAR 52.204-10 - Reporting Executive Compensation and First-Tier Subcontract Awards. Any grant or agreement award resulting from this announcement may contain the award term set forth in 2 CFR, Appendix A to Part 25 http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=c55a4687d6faa13b137a26d0eb436edb&rgn=div5&view=text
&node=2:1.1.1.41&idno=2#2:1.1.1.4.1.2.1.1


5. GOVERNMENT APPROVED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM: An offeror must have a government approved accounting system prior to award of a cost-reimbursement contract per limitations set forth in FAR 16.301-3(a) to ensure the system is adequate for determining costs applicable to the contract. The acceptability of an accounting system is determined based upon an audit performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA). IMPORTANT: If you do not have a DCAA approved accounting system access the following link for instructions: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=1cffad228f48b58057072a6c9113799d
&tab=core&_cview=1



IV. APPLICATION AND SUBMISSION INFORMATION:


1. APPLICATION PACKAGE: THIS ANNOUNCEMENT CONSTITUTES THE ONLY SOLICITATION. WE ARE SOLICITING WHITE PAPERS ONLY. DO NOT SUBMIT A FORMAL PROPOSAL AT THIS TIME. Those white papers found to be consistent with the intent of this BAA may be invited to submit a technical and cost proposal, see Section VI of this announcement for further details.


For additional information, a copy of the AFRL "Broad Agency Announcement (BAA): Guide for Industry," May 2012, and Proposal Preparation Instructions, Aug 2013, may be accessed at: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=1cffad228f48b58057072a6c9113799d
&tab=core&_cview=1


2. CONTENT AND FORM OF SUBMISSION: Offerors are required to submit a 3 to 5 page white paper summarizing their proposed approach/solution. The purpose of the white paper is to preclude unwarranted effort on the part of an offeror whose proposed work is not of interest to the Government. The white paper will be formatted as follows: Section A: Title, Period of Performance, Estimated Cost, Name/Address of Company, Technical and Contracting Points of Contact (phone, fax and email)(this section is NOT included in the page count); Section B: Task Objective; and Section C: Technical Summary and Proposed Deliverables. Multiple white papers within the purview of this announcement may be submitted by each offeror. If the offeror wishes to restrict its white papers, they must be marked with the restrictive language stated in FAR 15.609(a) and (b). All white papers shall be double spaced with a font no smaller than 12 font. In addition, respondents are requested to provide their Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) number, their Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, a fax number, an e-mail address, and reference BAA RIK-14-01 with their submission. All responses to this announcement must be addressed to the technical POC, as discussed in Section VII of this section.


3. SUBMISSION DATES AND TIMES: It is recommended that white papers be received by the following dates to maximize the possibility of award: FY 14 should be submitted by 31 Jan 2014; FY 15 by 2 May 2014; FY 16 by 1 May 2015; and FY 17 by 29 Apr 2016. White papers will be accepted until the BAA closing date at 2 pm Eastern time on 29 Sept 2017, but it is less likely that funding will be available in each respective fiscal year after the dates cited. FORMAL PROPOSALS ARE NOT BEING REQUESTED AT THIS TIME.


4. FUNDING RESTRICTIONS: The cost of preparing white papers/proposals in response to this announcement is not considered an allowable direct charge to any resulting contract or any other contract, but may be an allowable expense to the normal bid and proposal indirect cost specified in FAR 31.205-18. Incurring pre-award costs for ASSISTANCE INSTRUMENTS ONLY are regulated by the DoD Grant and Agreements Regulations (DODGARS).


5. CLASSIFICATION GUIDANCE FOR WHITE PAPER SUBMISSIONS: AFRL/RIED will accept classified responses to this BAA when the classification is mandated by classification guidance provided by an Original Classification Authority of the U.S. Government, or when the offeror believes the work, if successful, would merit classification. Security classification guidance in the form of a DD Form 254 (DoD Contract Security Classification Specification) will not be provided at this time since AFRL is soliciting ideas only. After reviewing incoming proposals, if a determination is made that contract award may result in access to classified information, a DD Form 254 will be issued upon contract award. Offerors who intend to include classified information or data in their white paper submission or who are unsure about the appropriate classification of their white papers should contact the technical point of contact listed in Section VII for guidance and direction in advance of preparation.

6. All offerors should review the NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL SECURITY PROGRAM OPERATING MANUAL, (NISPOM), dated February 28, 2006 as it provides baseline standards for the protection of classified information and prescribes the requirements concerning Contractor Developed Information under paragraph 4-105. Defense Security Service (DSS) Site for the NISPOM is: http://www.dss.mil.

7. OTHER SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS: DO NOT send white papers to the Contracting Officer.


All unclassified responses to this announcement will be sent via U.S. Postal Service registered mail and addressed to AFRL/RIED 525 Brooks Road, Rome NY 13441-4505, and reference BAA-RIK #14-01.


Electronic submission is authorized provided the submission can be password protected or encrypted to the technical POC listed in Section VII. A confirmation of receipt will be provided when and if successfully delivered.


Questions can be directed to the technical POC listed in Section VII.


CLASSIFIED SUBMISSIONS MUST BE SENT TO AFRL/RIED SEPARATELY FROM UNCLASSIFIED PAPERS AS PER THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW.


Use classification and marking guidance provided by previously issued security classification guides, the Information Security Regulation (DoD 5200.1-R), and the National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (DoD 5220.22-M) when marking and transmitting information previously classified by another original classification authority. Classified information at the Confidential and Secret level may be mailed via U.S. Postal Service (USPS) Registered Mail. For proposals of higher classification levels or for alternate submission mechanisms please contact the technical POC listed in Section VII. When mailing, ensure the response is appropriately marked, sealed, and mailed in accordance with the classified material handling procedures. The classified mailing address is:


Ref: BAA-RIK-14-01
AFRL/RIED
525 Brooks Road
Rome NY 13441-4505


In the event of a possible or actual compromise of classified information in the submission of your white paper or proposal, immediately but no later than 24 hours, bring this to the attention of your cognizant security authority and AFRL Rome Research Site Information Protection Office (IPO):


Vincent Guza
315-330-4048 0730-1630 Monday-Friday
315-330-2961 Evenings and Weekends
Email: vincent.guza@us.af.mil



V. APPLICATION REVIEW INFORMATION:


1. CRITERIA: The following criteria, which are listed in descending order of importance, will be used to determine whether white papers and proposals submitted are consistent with the intent of this BAA and of interest to the Government: (1) Overall Scientific and Technical Merit - The extent to which the offeror's approach demonstrates overall scientific and technical merit for the development and/or enhancement of the technology; (2) Related Experience - The extent to which the offeror demonstrates relevant technology and domain knowledge; (3) Openness/Maturity of Solution - The extent to which existing capabilities and standards are leveraged and the relative maturity of the proposed technology in terms of reliability and robustness; and (4) Reasonableness and realism of proposed costs and fees (if any).


No further evaluation criteria will be used in selecting white papers/proposals. White papers and proposals submitted will be evaluated as they are received.


2. REVIEW AND SELECTION PROCESS: Only Government employees will evaluate the white papers/proposals for selection. The Air Force Research Laboratory's Information Directorate has contracted for various business and staff support services, some of which require contractors to obtain administrative access to proprietary information submitted by other contractors. Administrative access is defined as "handling or having physical control over information for the sole purpose of accomplishing the administrative functions specified in the administrative support contract, which do not require the review, reading, and comprehension of the content of the information on the part of non-technical professionals assigned to accomplish the specified administrative tasks." These contractors have signed general non-disclosure agreements and organizational conflict of interest statements. The required administrative access will be granted to non-technical professionals. Examples of the administrative tasks performed include: a. Assembling and organizing information for R&D case files; b. Accessing library files for use by government personnel; and c. Handling and administration of proposals, contracts, contract funding and queries. Any objection to administrative access must be in writing to the Contracting Officer and shall include a detailed statement of the basis for the objection.


3. The Government may simultaneously evaluate proposals received under this BAA with a common cutoff date from multiple offerors. In this case, the Government may make award based on adequate price competition, and offerors must be aware that there is a possibility of non-selection due to a proposal of similar but higher-priced technical approach as compared to another offeror.



VI. AWARD ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION:


1. AWARD NOTICES: Those white papers found to be consistent with the intent of this BAA may be invited to submit a technical and cost proposal. Notification by email or letter will be sent by the technical POC. Such invitation does not assure that the submitting organization will be awarded a contract. Those white papers not selected to submit a proposal will be notified in the same manner. Prospective offerors are advised that only Contracting Officers are legally authorized to commit the Government.


All offerors submitting white papers will be contacted by the technical POC, referenced in Section VII of this announcement. Offerors can email the technical POC for status of their white paper/proposal no earlier than 45 days after submission.


2. ADMINISTRATIVE AND NATIONAL POLICY REQUIREMENTS:


CLASSIFIED SUBMISSIONS: AFRL/RIED will accept classified responses to this BAA when the classification is mandated by classification guidance provided by an Original Classification Authority of the U.S. Government, or when the offeror believes the work, if successful, would merit classification. Security classification guidance in the form of a DD Form 254 (DoD Contract Security Classification Specification) will not be provided at this time since AFRL is soliciting ideas only. After reviewing incoming proposals, if a determination is made that contract award may result in access to classified information; a DD Form 254 will be issued upon contract award. Offerors that intend to include classified information or data in their submission or who are unsure about the appropriate classification of their white papers should contact the technical point of contact listed in Section VII for guidance and direction in advance of preparation.


Depending on the work to be performed, the offeror may require a SECRET facility clearance and safeguarding capability; therefore, personnel identified for assignment to a classified effort must be cleared for access to SECRET information at the time of award. In addition, the offeror may be required to have, or have access to, a certified and Government-approved facility to support work under this BAA. This acquisition may involve data that is subject to export control laws and regulations. Only contractors who are registered and certified with the Defense Logistics Information Service (DLIS) at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/jcp/ and have a legitimate business purpose may participate in this solicitation. For questions, contact DLIS on-line at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/jcp or at the DLA Logistics Information Service, 74 Washington Avenue North, Battle Creek, Michigan 49037-3084, telephone number 1-800-352-3572. You must submit a copy of your approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, with your proposal.


3. Data Rights: The potential for inclusion of Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) or data rights other than unlimited on awards is recognized. In accordance with (IAW) the Small Business Administration (SBA) SBIR Policy Directive, Section 8(b), SBIR data rights clauses are non-negotiable and must not be the subject of negotiations pertaining to an award, or diminished or removed during award administration. Issuance of an award will not be made conditional based on forfeit of data rights. If the SBIR awardee wishes to transfer its SBIR data rights to the Air Force or to a third party, it must do so in writing under a separate agreement. A decision by the awardee to relinquish, transfer, or modify in any way its SBIR data rights must be made without pressure or coercion by the agency or any other party. Non-SBIR data rights less than unlimited will be evaluated and negotiated on a case-by-case basis. Government Purpose Rights are anticipated for data developed with DoD-reimbursed Independent Research and Development (IR&D) funding.


4. REPORTING: Once a proposal has been selected for award, offerors will be given complete instructions on the submission process for the reports.



VII. AGENCY CONTACTS:
Questions of a technical nature shall be directed to the cognizant technical point of contact, as specified below:
Patrick K. McCabe
Telephone: (315) 330-3197
Email: patrick.mccabe.4@us.af.mil


Questions of a contractual/business nature shall be directed to the cognizant contracting officer, as specified below:
Gail E. Marsh
Telephone (315) 330-7518
Email: gail.marsh@us.af.mil


The email must reference the solicitation (BAA) number and title of the acquisition.


In accordance with AFFARS 5301.91, an Ombudsman has been appointed to hear and facilitate the resolution of concerns from offerors, potential offerors, and others for this acquisition announcement. Before consulting with an ombudsman, interested parties must first address their concerns, issues, disagreements, and/or recommendations to the contracting officer for resolution. AFFARS Clause 5352.201-9101 Ombudsman (Apr 2014) will be incorporated into all contracts awarded under this BAA. The AFRL Ombudsman is as follows:


Ms. Barbara Gehrs
AFRL/PK
1864 4th Street
Building 15, Room 225
Wright-Patterson AFB OH 45433-7130
FAX: (937) 904-7024; Comm: (937) 904-4407
Email: barbara.gehrs@us.af.mil


All responsible organizations may submit a white paper which shall be considered.

Added: Feb 27, 2015 12:12 pm
The purpose of this modification is to revise: SECTION I, the Additional Technical Information paragraph (right after the Focus Area/Intelligence Assessment). This action will correct the fax number.

The paragraph revised as highlighted:

Additional technical information is available and may be obtained by contacting the technical point of contact listed in Section VII. The data contained within the read library is subject to export control restrictions. Prior to mailing read library documentation, respondents must submit a copy of an approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, which may be obtained at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/default.asp, along with a letter from the Data Custodian designated on that form authorizing access to whomever will be reviewing the documentation. This information must be provided to technical point of contact listed in Section VII at the following address: Air Force Research Laboratory/RIED, 525 Brooks Road, Rome, New York 13441-4505 or via fax to his attention at (315) 330- 4380.

All other information remains the same.
Added: Mar 27, 2015 10:10 am

AMENDMENT 8 to BAA RIK-14-01

TITLE: Full Spectrum Targeting (FST)


The purpose of this modification is to make the following changes:


A) SECTION I, "Funding Opportunity Description" is changed to emphasize areas if interest and remove focus areas that are currently not of interest to the Government.

B) SECTION VII, "Agency Contacts" has been revised to add a new technical point of contact.


No other changes have been made.


SECTION I. FUNDING OPPORTUNITY DESCRIPTION is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:


Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (AFRL/RI) is soliciting white papers pertaining to the research, development, prototyping, integration, test and demonstration of innovative technologies, tools and practices to advance the future of the Air Force's targeting capabilities. The synergetic integration of kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across a distributed targeting enterprise will support a unified and continuous approach to analyzing a full spectrum of targets and spheres of influence (Air, Space Cyber and Social-Economic).


BACKGROUND: The Joint Targeting Cycle is the process that is used consistently across organizations that perform targeting-related tasks. This process consists of six phases:


    (1) End State/Commander's Objectives;
    (2) Target Development & Prioritization;
    (3) Capabilities Analysis;
    (4) Commander's Decision and Force Assignment;
    (5) Mission Planning & Force Execution; and
    (6) Assessment


The targeting enterprise lacks efficient workflow and data hand-offs, causing lost time, redundancy of effort, and lesser quality products and effects across air, space, & cyberspace. The major processes and products relevant to target intelligence production include: Target Systems Analysis (TSA), Intermediate/Advanced Target Development (I/ATD) (Encompassing imagery preparation, target description and significance, Precise Point Mensuration (PPM), and weaponeering), Collateral Damage Estimation (CDE), Electronic Target Folder (ETF), Target Lists (TL) and Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). Development of portions or all of these intelligence products, specifically TSA, I/ATD, CDE, and BDA, are not automated and required considerable resources (time and labor) to produce. Due to the lengthy, disjointed workflow, lack of an automated production process, and limited analytical tools, these processes and accompanying products are also pre-disposed to high error rates and low production capacity. Additionally, a significant deficiency in the current Joint Targeting Cycle is the absence of non-kinetic data in the targeting products throughout. In order to synergize planning and effects across a multi-domain environment, it's essential for FST to include the full range of Cyber, Space, Directed Energy, Electronic Warfare (EW), and influence operations (e.g. Psychological Operation (PSYOPS)/ Military Information Support Operations (MISO)) data into a universal targeting workflow.


PRIMARY FOCUS: Automated Battle Damage Assessment (BDA)


Assessing the effects of actions against targets of interest has always played a key role so that the commander could observe all developments as they occurred. As modern warfare has progressed battle damage assessment (BDA) has become more complicated. We are at a critical junction when more and more support is given of the concept for full spectrum operations. The commander cannot utilize non-kinetic options if he cannot assess their effectiveness. Current Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) tools are insufficient and complex. The Air Force must ensure it is fully capable of conducting kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across the full spectrum of warfare including irregular, unconventional, asymmetric warfare and traditional conflicts. Current BDA lacks non-kinetic assessment and incorporation of non-kinetic data into kinetic effectiveness assessment (i.e. did a bunker strike prevent communications?). Little support is provided to allow the targeteer an understanding of the ramifications or unintended effects due to the interdependencies between the physical, social and behavioral aspect of a region or nation in terms of performing the assessment function. The BDA tools need to include capability to feed into restrike recommendations and retasking in an automated fashion. We seek new technologies and tools that will illustrate how non-kinetic data will improve the overall BDA process and address all of the deficiencies outlined.


AFRL/RI seeks new technologies and tools to illustrate automated BDA with both kinetic/non-kinetic options over three phases. BDA Phase 1 is related to physical damage assessment estimates which are primarily based on visual observation. The Government is NOT interested in analyzing imagery. The focus is on helping with BDA Phase 2 related to functional damage assessment and BDA Phase 3 target system assessments (i.e. instead of confirming that the target is hit with a bomb [BDA Phase 1] we want to say whether target is still operational or not [BDA Phase 2] and whether the overall target system is functioning [BDA phase 3]). Challenges include but not limited to:


    • Lack of non-kinetic modules that can benefit the analyst for cyber, EW, and other types of non-kinetic data as well as how the data for these modules will be stored and accessed by systems of record like JTT or other interfaces (need to consider for example CNODB for cyber, EWIRDB database for EW, and others).
    • Non-kinetic data is not being utilized for BDA. As a result critical information that can specifically aid in determining whether the target solution set is generating the desired overall effects is being lost.
    • Need for interfaces for generating and displaying BDA reports that have non-kinetic data. Need to illustrate how much faster and more accurate such reports are due to having non-kinetic data.
    • Cohesive assessments and decision support to measure success or failure to achieve the desired effect against individual targets and to facilitate comprehension of the total damage to entire target sets and systems
    • Timely determination of the campaign plan success (planned objectives versus actual results) achieved by the overall operation as measured over all friendly action against the adversary
    • The application of Kinetic and Non-Kinetic weaponeering solutions will require the development of innovative Multi-INT information fusion algorithms to support BDA
    • Investigate and recommend a Cognitive Workflow Process for the production of BDA products
    • Automated restrike recommendations based on unsuccessful targeting effects


Additional technical information is available and may be obtained by contacting the technical point of contact listed in Section VII. The data contained within the read library is subject to export control restrictions. Prior to mailing read library documentation, respondents must submit a copy of an approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, which may be obtained at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/default.asp, along with a letter from the Data Custodian designated on that form authorizing access to whomever will be reviewing the documentation. This information must be provided to technical point of contact listed in Section VII at the following address: Air Force Research Laboratory/RIEBB, 525 Brooks Road, Rome, New York 13441-4505 or via fax to his attention at (315) 330-3913.



SECTION VII. Agency Contacts:


The new technical point of contact in Section VII is:


ALEKSEY PANASYUK
AFRL/RIED
aleksey.panasyuk@us.af.mil
(315)330-3976


 

Added: Apr 21, 2015 10:28 am
AMENDMENT 9 to BAA RIK-14-01

TITLE: Full Spectrum Targeting (FST)


The purpose of this modification is to make the following changes:


   A) SECTION I, "Funding Opportunity Description" is revised to provide some additional information.
   B) SECTION IV "Application and Submission Information", Paragraph 3. Submission Dates and Time. The FY16 submission date is revised from 1 May 2015 to 25 May 2015. All other dates remain the same.


No other changes have been made.



SECTION I. FUNDING OPPORTUNITY DESCRIPTION is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:


Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (AFRL/RI) is soliciting white papers pertaining to the research, development, prototyping, integration, test and demonstration of innovative technologies, tools and practices to advance the future of the Air Force's targeting capabilities. The synergetic integration of kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across a distributed targeting enterprise will support a unified and continuous approach to analyzing a full spectrum of targets and spheres of influence (Air, Space Cyber and Social-Economic).


BACKGROUND: The Joint Targeting Cycle is the process that is used consistently across organizations that perform targeting-related tasks. This process consists of six phases:


   (1) End State/Commander's Objectives;
   (2) Target Development & Prioritization;
   (3) Capabilities Analysis;
   (4) Commander's Decision and Force Assignment;
   (5) Mission Planning & Force Execution; and
   (6) Assessment


The targeting enterprise lacks efficient workflow and data hand-offs, causing lost time, redundancy of effort, and lesser quality products and effects across air, space, & cyberspace. The major processes and products relevant to target intelligence production include: Target Systems Analysis (TSA), Intermediate/Advanced Target Development (I/ATD) (Encompassing imagery preparation, target description and significance, Precise Point Mensuration (PPM), and weaponeering), Collateral Damage Estimation (CDE), Electronic Target Folder (ETF), Target Lists (TL) and Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). Development of portions or all of these intelligence products, specifically TSA, I/ATD, CDE, and BDA, are not automated and required considerable resources (time and labor) to produce. Due to the lengthy, disjointed workflow, lack of an automated production process, and limited analytical tools, these processes and accompanying products are also pre-disposed to high error rates and low production capacity. Additionally, a significant deficiency in the current Joint Targeting Cycle is the absence of non-kinetic data in the targeting products throughout. In order to synergize planning and effects across a multi-domain environment, it's essential for FST to include the full range of Cyber, Space, Directed Energy, Electronic Warfare (EW), and influence operations (e.g. Psychological Operation (PSYOPS)/ Military Information Support Operations (MISO)) data into a universal targeting workflow.


This BAA is focused on two separate tasks (1) Automated Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) and (2) Target System Analysis (TSA). Performers can apply for one or both.


FOCUS AREA 1: Automated Battle Damage Assessment (BDA)


Assessing the effects of actions against targets of interest has always played a key role so that the commander could observe all developments as they occurred. As modern warfare has progressed battle damage assessment (BDA) has become more complicated. We are at a critical junction when more and more support is given of the concept for full spectrum operations. The commander cannot utilize non-kinetic options if he cannot assess their effectiveness. Current Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) tools are insufficient and complex. The Air Force must ensure it is fully capable of conducting kinetic and non-kinetic targeting across the full spectrum of warfare including irregular, unconventional, asymmetric warfare and traditional conflicts. Current BDA lacks non-kinetic assessment and incorporation of non-kinetic data into kinetic effectiveness assessment (i.e. did a bunker strike prevent communications?). Little support is provided to allow the targeteer an understanding of the ramifications or unintended effects due to the interdependencies between the physical, social and behavioral aspect of a region or nation in terms of performing the assessment function. The BDA tools need to include capability to feed into restrike recommendations and retasking in an automated fashion. We seek new technologies and tools that will illustrate how non-kinetic data will improve the overall BDA process and address all of the deficiencies outlined.


AFRL/RI seeks new technologies and tools to illustrate automated BDA with both kinetic/non-kinetic options. BDA is typically broken into three phases.


- BDA Phase 1 is related to physical damage assessment estimates which are primarily based on visual observation. NOTE: The Government is NOT interested in analyzing imagery
- BDA Phase 2 is related to functional damage assessment.
- BDA Phase 3 is related to the overall target system assessment


AFRL/RI's focus is on facilitating with BDA Phase 2 as it related to functional damage assessment (i.e. instead of confirming that the target is hit with a bomb [BDA Phase 1], we want to say whether target is still operational or not [BDA Phase 2]. The focus is on both static and moving targets.


Challenges include but not limited to:

(1) Lack of non-kinetic modules that can benefit the analyst for cyber, EW, and other types of non-kinetic data as well as how the data for these modules will be stored and accessed by systems of record like JTT or other interfaces (need to consider for example CNODB for cyber, EWIRDB database for EW, and others).


(2) Non-kinetic data is not being utilized for BDA. As a result critical information that can specifically aid in determining whether the target solution set is generating the desired overall effects is being lost.


(3) Need for interfaces for generating and displaying BDA reports that have non-kinetic data. Need to illustrate how much faster and more accurate such reports are due to having non-kinetic data.


(4) Cohesive assessments and decision support to measure success or failure to achieve the desired effect against individual targets and to facilitate comprehension of the total damage to entire target sets and systems


(5) Timely determination of the campaign plan success (planned objectives versus actual results) achieved by the overall operation as measured over all friendly action against the adversary


(6) The application of Kinetic and Non-Kinetic weaponeering solutions will require the development of innovative Multi-INT information fusion algorithms to support BDA


(7) Investigate and recommend a Cognitive Workflow Process for the production of BDA products


(8) Automated restrike recommendations based on unsuccessful targeting effects


(9) Provide real-time operational BDA update to TSA



FOCUS AREA 2: Target System Analysis (TSA)


The current Target System Analysis (TSA) process presents several challenges to the targeting analyst. The existing workflow is time consuming and labor intensive. Analysts are required to manually search, access, extract, and organize data and graphics from multiple sources into one comprehensive TSA product. This lengthy and laborious task does not provide the analyst sufficient time to thoroughly identify information gaps within the TSA, submit collection requests and fill the gaps accordingly. It also leaves little time for more thorough analysis, integration of non-kinetic targeting solutions, and in-depth consideration of cascading effects that may influence multiple target systems. These areas are especially critical to the Full Spectrum Targeting effort and to a successful TSA campaign.


AFRL/RI is looking to address one or more of the following capabilities:


(1) Develop Target System Analysis (TSA) models that automatically bring in and update real target data (both static and mobile target information) for linking targets to objectives and targets to target systems. Use the established relationships as a guide to identify information that is currently available for a particular target system in a particular country as well as missing information (information expected from looking at similar target systems in other countries but is missing for the current country) to help guide the TSA analyst as he searches for information.


(2) Develop Target System Analysis (TSA) models that identify for each system:
     a. the criticality of each component within the system
     b. the functionality of the overall system without that component
     c. the functionality of the overall system if the functionality of the component is degraded by x amount


A target system may carry multiple uses and hence the analysis should be done for each function that the target system serves.


(3) Given a new target automatically determine the relationship of the target to other targets using on-line and nodal databases (e.g., MIDB, CNODB, EWIRDB, etc.). Use the relationships for estimating second and third order effects and overall criticality of the target. Use criticality of target to support automatic descriptions of target selection/justification. Use relationships to prioritize the order in which targets are looked at by BDA and other target analysts. Visually correlate target systems, targets, target components, and influencing factors.


(4) Evaluate current availability of non-kinetic data that includes Cyber, Space, Directed Energy, and Electronic Warfare (EW), and MISO. Looking to establish metrics on what percent of targets in MIDB have useful non-kinetic data. Correlate non-kinetic data to target types, for example: all radar systems generate EW data and for a typical radar system there is x% chance that the data is available.


Additional technical information is available and may be obtained by contacting the technical point of contact listed in Section VII. The data contained within the read library is subject to export control restrictions. Prior to mailing read library documentation, respondents must submit a copy of an approved DD Form 2345, Militarily Critical Technical Data Agreement, which may be obtained at http://www.dlis.dla.mil/default.asp, along with a letter from the Data Custodian designated on that form authorizing access to whomever will be reviewing the documentation. This information must be provided to technical point of contact listed in Section VII at the following address: Air Force Research Laboratory/RIEBB, 525 Brooks Road, Rome, New York 13441-4505 or via fax to his attention at (315) 330-3913.


 

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Questions and Answers, 22 Jan 2014

Type:
Other (Draft RFPs/RFIs, Responses to Questions, etc..)
Label:
Questions and Answers, 22 Jan 2014
Posted Date:
January 22, 2014
Description: Questions and Answers, 22 Jan 2014
:
26 Electronic Parkway
Rome, New York 13441-4514
United States
:
Gail E. Marsh,
Contracting Officer
Phone: 315-330-7518